Startup Gurukul

Spelling Rules-12 Startup Gurukul

Spelling Rule-12: Rules to use C or K to pronounce K

Spelling Rule-12: Rules for using C or K to pronounce K

Before discussing this rule, first remember Spelling Rule-4: Two sounds of “C”, which says:

Spelling Rule-4.1: If /C/ followed by e,i or y sounds as /s/

Spelling Rule-12.1: If /C/ is not followed by e,i or y sounds as /K/ and can be used in place of /K/

















Spelling Rule-12.2: /K/ needs a back support to stand in the following formart:

1. consonant + K (Example: click, task)

2. vowel + vowel + K (Example: book, seek)

3. vowel + K+ vowel (Example: bike, cake)



Spelling Rule-12.3: First try to use C, if not possible use K


Konark-  Try to use /C/ first- Conark- it became pronounced as /SONARK/ as per Spelling Rule: 4.1. So, use /K/


Cup, Cat, Crown, Climb


Spelling Rule-12.4: To keep the short vowel sound and /K/ sound at after short vowel, use /CK/


attack, sack, snack, black, lack, flack, shack, whack, neck, wreck, heck, peck, sick, brick, click, flick, trick, lock, dock, block, rock, shock, crock, stuck suck, luck, muck, duck, etc.

Notice they all have short vowel sounds next to the -ck ending.


We also have words with more than one syllable ending with -ck and with the short vowel sound next to the –ck:

attack, Cossack, ransack, shamrock, shylock, paddock, gimmick.


Remember when we have a short vowel sound, we usually double up the end consonant when we add suffixes to indicate the short vowel sound (Spelling Rule-8):

sit sitting pat patter nip nipped.

Spelling Rule-12.5: To keep the short vowel sound, don’t double the /C/ or /K/ and use /CK/


attack, sack, snack, black, lack


Short vowel sound before –ck- in the middle of words:

jacket, package, packet, bracket, lackadaisical, lackey, mackerel, ticket, wicked, snicker cricket, picket, hickory, docket, hockey.

The exceptions to the single vowel + “k” endings are in foreign borrowed words: trek/trekking, anorak, Bolshevik, yak, yuk

Spelling Rule-12.6: In two or more syllables word, to keep the short vowel sound, use /C/ only instead of /CK/ to keep the word short. 


2 syllables:  magic, music, static, traffic, panic, frolic, mimic, picnic, critic, frantic, ethic, tonic, tropics, clinic, public, rustic, graphic

3 syllables:  electric, acoustic, ballistic,  dramatic, genetic, hysterics, politics, semantics, Atlantic, Pacific, mechanic, heroic, poetic, athletic, angelic, atomic, authentic, melodic, dogmatic, traumatic, erratic, eccentric, elastic, domestic, organic, hypnotic, fantastic

4 syllables:  cybernetic, economic, mathematics, aromatic, problematic, periodic, sympathetic 

Also we have some -ac ending. lilac maniac bivouac almanac zodiac

Important Note-1:

As, we dropped the /K/ to keep the word short, but when adding suffixes like -er, -ed, -ing, we again call the /K/ to keep the /K/ sound and to avoid /S/ sound.

picnic – picnicked, picnicking, picnicker

panic – panicked, panicking, panicky

traffic – trafficked, trafficking, trafficker

bivouac – bivouacked, bivouacking

Important Note-2:

When we add other suffixes we don’t add “k.” frolicsome, mimicry, picnics

We add –ally to –ic to make adverbs: automatic – automatically

frantic – frantically dramatic – dramatically

Spelling Rule-12.7: Never see -ck at the beginning of words

Spelling Rule-12.8: For long vowel sounds, use the silent-e rule and write /-KE/


make, bake, cake, take, flake, awake, mistake, puke, fluke, duke, rebuke,

choke, artichoke, joke, smoke, like, hike, bike, dike, Mike.


But Drop the E with -ing, -ed, -er -able, -ible etc. suffixes


making, maker, baking, baker, baked taking, taker, mistaken, flakey, puking, hiking, choking, joking.

Spelling Rules

Spelling Rule- Before You Start: Part-A

Spelling Rule- 1: Syllables

Spelling Rule- 2 : English Words Never end with

Spelling Rule- 3 : “Y” acts as a consonant as well as a vowel

Spelling Rule- 4 : Two sounds of “C”

Spelling Rule- 5 : Two sounds of “G”

Spelling Rule- 6 : Magic-E/Silent-E 

Spelling Rule- 7 : Drop the “e” rule

Spelling Rule-8: The 1:1:1 doubling-up rule

Spelling Rule-9: A E O U  at the end of the Syllable

Spelling Rule-10: The Rabbit rule

Spelling Rule- Before You Start: Part-A

Spelling Rule- 11: The FLOSS/FLSZ rule

Spelling Rule- 12 : Use of C or K to pronounce K

Spelling Rule- 13: Use of /CH/ & /TCH/

Spelling Rule- 14: Use of /Cial/ & /Tial/

Spelling Rule-15: Two vowel’s sounds

Spelling Rule- 16 : Short Vowel Sounds

Spelling Rule- 17 : Long Vowel Sounds

Spelling Rule-18: Vowels in Short Words

Spelling Rule-19: Long Vowels’ Rules and Patterns

Spelling Rule-20: W is the Boss

Silent Letters Rules